This is the period that spans from the Diaspora of the Jewish nation to the start of its spiritual redemption with the era of Nahmanides, Maimonides, the Kabbalah, and other Sages. The 7 periods of 120 years each cover up to Hebrew Year 5040, so about 1280 CE. The end of this period signals the turn into the last millennium.
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Hebrew years 4200-4320 - From 440 CE
Empress Eudocia in Jerusalem, Jerusalem becomes a Patriarchy, The sack of Rome by the Vandals, Fall of the Roman Empire, The Jews against the Vandals, Completion of the Talmud, Midrash Tanhuma, The end of the world, The last Jewish king of Yemen, Denys le Petit sets the Christian calendar, Emperor Justinian, Closure of the Greek academia, The Byzantines conquer North Africa, The Kathisma church, The Byzantine empire, The Madaba map
Islam and Jihad
Hebrew years 4320-4440 - From 560 CE
Birth of Muhammad, First forced conversions of Jews in France, Start of the Gaonim era, Pope Gregory protects the Jews, Muhammad's revelation, The Persians conquer Jerusalem, The Sassanid Empire, The Muslim Calendar, Muhammad and the Jews, Heraclius, The Book of Zerubbabel, Muhammad takes Mecca, Death of Muhammad, The Muslims conquer Jerusalem, Death of Omar, The Muslims conquer Carthage, The Umayyad dynasty, The Kathisma mosque, The Muslim conquest of North Africa, The pilgrimage of Arculf
Hebrew years 4440-4560 - From 680 CE
The Kahina queen of the Berbers, The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, The Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, The Muslim conquest of Spain, The Table of Solomon, The Jihad is stopped in France, The Abbasid Caliphate, Makhir and the Jews of Narbonne, The Karaites, Al-Andalus (Muslim Spain), Avot de-Rabbi Nathan, Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Hebrew years 4560-4680 - From 800 CE
The Khazars adopt Judaism, Seder Olam Zutta, The Exilarchs, Ecclesia and Synagoga, Pesikta Rabbati and the duration of the Temples, Jerusalem under the Caliphate of Egypt, Saadia against the Karaites
Hebrew years 4680-4800 - From 920 CE
Saadia Gaon, The dispute of the Babylonian Jewry, Hasdai ibn Shaprut, The Holy Roman Empire, Rabbi Amnon of Mainz, End of the Caliphate of Cordoba, Samuel ha-Nagid, End of the Gaonim era, Solomon ibn Gabirol
Hebrew years 4800-4920 - From 1040 CE
Solomon ibn Gabirol and The Fountain of Life, The Great Schism, The Norman conquest of England, The massacre of Granada, The Jews of Fes, Rashi of Troyes, The Saljuks conquer Jerusalem, The massacres of the First Crusade, The conquest of Jerusalem in 1099, The Kinnot, Petrus Alphonsi, Abraham bar Hiyya and the Sefer ha-Hibbur, Judah Halevi and The Kuzari, William of Norwich, The accusation of blood libel, Aaron of Lincoln
Hebrew years 4920-5040 - From 1160 CE
The Sefer ha-Kabbalah, The Jews of Beziers, The Jews of China, Benjamin of Tudela, The Cathars, Maimonides, Ritual murder in Blois, Third Council of Lateran, The Jews of Toledo, The Jews are expelled from France, Conquest of Jerusalem by Saladin in 1187, Massacre of London, Massacre of York, The Jews of Narbonne, End of the Third Croisade, The Exchequer of the Jews, Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg
Crusade against the Cathars, War against the Almohads, 4th Council of Lateran, The Inquisition, The burning of Maimonides' works, Louis IX of France, Massacres of Jews in Europe, The disputation of Paris, Rabbenu Yona and the burning of the Talmud, Innocent IV pleads for the Jews, The crusade of Louis IX, The Mongols in Jerusalem, The disputation of Barcelona, The Jews of Poland, The Jews of Prague, The Jews of Castile, Abulafia and Pope Nicholas III
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