SEDER OLAM - Revisited

סדר עולם - חדש



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Index of names


Generations  1-14
(3760 - 2080 BCE)

Generations 15-21
(2080 - 1240 BCE)

Generations 22-28
(1240 - 400 BCE)

Generations 29-35
(400 BCE - 440 CE)

Generations 36-42
(440 - 1280 CE)

Generations 43-49
(1280 - 2120 CE)

Generation 50

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Hebrew years 360 to 480 (3400-3280 BCE)

Foundation of Egypt

In Hebrew year 395, Kenan had a son he called Mehalal-EL which means "the one who praises God". On Cain’s side, Irad’s son was named Mehaya-EL which means "the one who gives life to God". We see from these similar names that the two descendances probably lived in the same area of Sumer, and even probably competed one against the other about ruling as a god. The son of the latter was called Metusha-EL which means "the one who crushes God", so presumably he aimed to conquer cities ruled by other self-made god-rulers.

The only purpose of having added -EL (God) to their names was that they wanted to create fear in their followers, and their enemies. Other civilisations would later adopt the same principle, which was that their rulers were gods themselves, or chosen by the gods. Also we have to consider that the names given in the Bible were probably not the names at their birth but names assumed later in the lifes of the individuals and the ones they were remembered, and recorded, for. 

Then, in year 460, Mehalal-EL had a son he named Yered which is not without reminding of Irad, Cain’s grandson. But this name means "Descent". Yered moved away from Sumer and Canaan and established himself as far away as possible from the known world of his time, which was the Fertile Crescent. He and his followers ended up in the Nile valley where they were physically stopped in their march by the desert. They settled in what was to become the other big civilization of these times: Ancient Egypt.[1a] 

In Egypt, some of the knowledge learned from Sumer remained the same: the language was also based on pictograms which would then become the hieroglyphs,[1b] the technique of producing sun-dried bricks for city construction was taken from Sumer which was the first region to build cities,[2] the pyramids themselves seem to have been borrowed from the Sumerian ziggurat, [3] and the Egyptian future rulers, the Pharaohs, would go as far as presenting themselves as "living gods".

Sun-dried bricks

Sun-dried brick wall (source: iMalqata)


[1a] Until recently, scientists believed that the earliest civilization in the Nile Valley (which should not really be called Egyptian, as the name Egypt came much later) dated back from 4000 BCE; but recent study has proved that it started later, around 3600 BCE, based on current estimates, and that the first kingdom started no later than 3100 BCE; this finding puts the timeline of Egypt right back into Biblical timeline ! To see the related article of September 2013 from the BBC, click here

[1b] The earliest inscriptions found in Egypt are considered to date from about 3200 BCE, which is contemporary from the time of Biblical Yered
; see article Inscriptions suggest Egyptians could have been first to write, New York Times, 16 December 1998

[2] See Wikipedia referring to a book by Mogens Herman Hansen, A Comparative Study of Six City-state Cultures, KÝbenhavns universitet Polis centret, Videnskabernes Selskab, 2002

[3] The first pyramid of Ancient Egypt was Djoser's step pyramid, dating about 2600 BCE, which was a set of platforms piled on top of another to form a step structure; in Sumer, the first equivalent structure were mounted platforms built around 3500 BCE which were the precursors of the more known ziggurats which began after 2900 BCE; see Wikipedia on this topic

Copyright © Albert Benhamou 2013 - All rights reserved.